Psychoneuroendocrinology (PNE) is an interdisciplinary field of research integrating psychology, endocrinology, and neuroscience to study the interactions between mind, brain, and hormonal function (Dantzer, 2010).
More specifically, PNE focuses on the way psychological factors influence neuroendocrine functions and, conversely, the way hormones influence higher brain functions. As such, PNE is not only interested in hormone synthesis, release, transport, breakdown, and feedback control but in the interaction of hormones with their target tissues (e.g., the immune system), including the molecular mechanisms of their action.
PNE research is often concerned with health implications associated with even subtle chronic changes in hormonal patterns. While sex is one of the biggest factors influencing the body’s neuroendocrine state, other factors of interest include health effects of age-related changes and changes observed in the context of...