Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine

2013 Edition
| Editors: Marc D. Gellman, J. Rick Turner

Psychosocial Factors and Traumatic Events

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1005-9_1716



Psychosocial factors are influences that affect a person psychologically or socially. There are multidimensional constructs encompassing several domains such as mood status (anxiety, depression, distress, and positive affect), cognitive behavioral responses (satisfaction, self-efficacy, self-esteem, and locus of control), and social factors (socioeconomic status, education, employment, religion, ethnicity, family, physical attributes, locality, relationships with others, changes in personal roles, and status).


Psychosocial Factors in Everyday Life

Psychosocial factors and influences differ across individuals and may contribute to the development or aggravation of mental and physical disorders. Previous studies have indicated that depression, social isolation, and behavioral escape-avoidance coping were associated with the risk of mortality for cancer patients (Falagas et al., 2007)...

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References and Readings

  1. Bernard, L. B. (1988). Health psychology: A psychosocial perspective. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
  2. Bromet, E. J., Havenaar, M., & Guey, L. T. (2011). A 25 year retrospective review of the psychological consequences of the Chernobyl accident. Clinical Oncology, 23, 297–305.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Davison, L. M., Weiss, L., O’Keefe, M., & Baum, A. (1991). Acute stressors and chronic stress at Three Mile Island. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 4, 481–493.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Falagas, M. E., Zarkadoulia, E. A., Ioannidou, E. N., Peppas, G., Christodoulou, C., & Rafailidis, P. I. (2007). The effect of psychosocial factors on breast cancer outcome: A systematic review. Breast Cancer Research, 9(4), R44. doi: 10.1186/bcr1744.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Meltzer, H., Gill, B., & Petticrew, M. (1995). The prevalence of psychiatric morbidity among adults living in private households. OPCS surveys of psychiatric morbidity, Report 1. London: HMSO.Google Scholar
  6. Ormel, J., Von Korff, M., Oldehinkel, T., Simon, G., Tiemens, B. G., & Ustrun, T. B. (1999). Onset of disability in depressed and non-depressed primary care patients. Psychological Medicine, 29, 847–853.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Rozanski, A., Blumenthal, J. A., & Kaplan, J. (1999). Impact of psychological factors on the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease and implications for therapy. Circulation, 99, 2192–2217.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Human SciencesGraduate School of Human Sciences, Waseda UniversityTokorozawa-shiJapan
  2. 2.Faculty of MedicineUniversity of Miyazaki HospitalMiyazaki-shiJapan