Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine

2013 Edition
| Editors: Marc D. Gellman, J. Rick Turner

Physical Activity Interventions

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1005-9_1618

Definition

Physical activity interventions primarily aim to encourage sedentary individuals or those at risk for chronic diseases to initiate and maintain healthy levels of activity. Secondary goals of interventions may include improved weight or disease management, enhanced psychological well-being and stress reduction, and better quality of life. There has been a recent concerted effort to examine changing multiple health behaviors (e.g., dietary, tobacco cessation) in combination with sedentary behaviors. Interventions are often evaluated in the context of a randomized clinical trial (efficacy trials) or quasi-experimental designs (effectiveness trials).

Description

Recently, the US government released its first formal set of recommendations on physical activity (PA), the Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans (United States Department of Health and Human Services [USDHHS], 2008), thereby establishing increasing PA as a significant health goal for the twenty-first century. In...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Psychology DepartmentUniversity of Minnesota DuluthDuluthUSA