Prevention: Primary, Secondary, Tertiary
The natural history of disease is the course from onset to resolution (Last, 2000). The goal of epidemiology is to identify and understand causal factors of disease, disability, and injury so that effective interventions can be implemented to prevent the occurrence of adverse processes before they begin or progress (Stanhope & Lancaster, 2008). The definitions used in public health distinguish between primary prevention, secondary prevention, and tertiary prevention (Commission on Chronic Illness, 1957).
References and Readings
- Commission on Chronic Illness. (1957). Chronic illness in the United States (Vol. 1). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
- Institute of Medicine. (1994). Reducing risks for mental disorders. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.Google Scholar
- Last, J. M. (2000). A dictionary of epidemiology (4th ed.). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Leavell, H. R., & Clark, E. G. (1965). Preventive medicine for the doctor in his community (3rd ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
- Stanhope, M. & Lancaster, J. (2008). Public health nursing: Population-centered health care in the community (7th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby Elsevier.Google Scholar