Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine

2013 Edition
| Editors: Marc D. Gellman, J. Rick Turner

Psychiatric Diagnosis

  • Toru Okuyama
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1005-9_1334



Psychiatric diagnosis defines a psychiatric disorder which causes subjective distress and disability and can be conceptualized based on symptomatology, epidemiology, and pathophysiology. The primary purpose of the psychiatric diagnosis is to distinguish a certain condition from non-disease conditions or other disease conditions and to make health providers communicate better with each other by using shared concepts and languages. Psychiatric diagnosis facilitates researches by maintaining the internal validity of each psychiatric disease and is important for examining the external validity of findings when applying research evidences into individual patients.


The top two most important and frequently used psychiatric diagnoses classification systems are the International Classification of Disease (ICD) by World Health Organization (WHO) and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) edited...

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References and Readings

  1. American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (Text revision) (4th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.Google Scholar
  2. World Health Organization. (1992). ICD-10: The ICD-10 classification of mental and behavioural disorders: Clinical descriptions and diagnostic guidelines. Geneva: Author.Google Scholar
  3. Zimmerman, M., & Spitzer, R. L. (2009). Classification in psychiatry. In B. J. Sadock, V. A. Sadock, & P. Ruiz (Eds.), Comprehensive textbook of psychiatry (pp. 1003–1052). Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Psycho-oncology and Palliative CareNagoya City University HospitalNagoyaJapan