Normal blood pressure: systolic < 120 mmHg and diastolic < 80 mmHg
Prehypertension: systolic 120–139 mmHg or diastolic 80–89 mmHg
Compared to individuals with normal BP, prehypertensive individuals have a greater number of traditional cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors and have a greater risk of developing CVD independent of other CVD risk factors than individuals with BP < 120/80. Prehypertensive individuals also have a greater risk of developing hypertension than normotensive individuals. Therefore, prehypertension can be conceptualized as an intermediate phenotype at elevated risk of developing traditional risk factors for CVD (such as hypertension) and at independent risk of developing CVD itself.
However, the ideal surveillance and management...
References and Readings
- Julius, S., Nesbitt, S. D., Egan, B. M., Weber, M. A., Michelson, E. L., Kaciroti, N., Black, H. R., Grimm, R. H., Jr., Messerli, F. H., Oparil, S., & Schork, M. A. (2006). Trial of Preventing Hypertension (TROPHY) Study Investigators. Feasibility of treating prehypertension with an angiotensin-receptor blocker. The New England Journal of Medicine, 354(16), 1685–1697.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. (2007). Screening for high blood pressure: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force reaffirmation recommendation statement. Annals of Internal Medicine, 147(11), 783–786.Google Scholar