Perceived behavioral control is the extent to which an individual perceives that they are in control of a particular behavior (Ajzen, 2002).
Perceived behavioral control (PBC) was included in the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB; Ajzen, 1991) in order to predict/explain behaviors that are not entirely under the volitional control of the individual. According to the TPB, PBC is determined by beliefs regarding factors that may act to facilitate or inhibit successful behavioral performance (Ajzen, 1991; Conner & Armitage, 1998). For example, a belief that exercising after work is associated with many barriers (i.e., cold weather, icy sidewalks, limited schedule) may lead to low perceived behavioral control over exercise, in turn leading to less frequent exercise during winter months. However, a belief that there are few barriers to exercising (i.e., favorable weather, few other time commitments) may result in greater perceived...