Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine

2013 Edition
| Editors: Marc D. Gellman, J. Rick Turner

Panic Disorder

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1005-9_1163



According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV-TR), panic disorder (PD) is an anxiety disorder that is defined by the experience of recurrent (two or more) uncured panic attacks. Following these attacks and for a period of at least 1 month, individuals must report experiencing concern about either having additional attacks, concern about the potential implications of having panic attacks (e.g., death), or significantly change their behavior because of the experience of panic attacks (e.g., avoidance of certain situations). In this context, panic attacks cannot occur in response to the physiological effects of a substance (e.g., caffeine, marijuana), cannot be due to a general medical condition, and cannot be better accounted for by another mental disorder (e.g., generalized anxiety disorder). PD can occur in isolation, or in the presence of agoraphobia (i.e., anxiety about particular places or situations...

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References and Readings

  1. American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual for mental disorders (Revised 4th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.Google Scholar
  2. Antony, M. M., & Swinson, R. P. (2000). Phobic disorder and panic in adults: A guide to assessment and treatment. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Taylor, S. (2000). Understanding and treating panic disorder: Cognitive-behavioral approaches. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Preventive MedicineFeinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern UniversityChicagoUSA