Encyclopedia of Behavioral Medicine

2013 Edition
| Editors: Marc D. Gellman, J. Rick Turner

Pain, Psychosocial Aspects

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1005-9_1158

Synonyms

Definition

Researchers and clinicians have begun to map the trajectory of pain from acute to persistent states. These outcomes are influenced by a complex interaction of biological, psychological, behavioral, and social components, which can be clustered into intrapersonal factors (factors affecting the level of the individual) and interpersonal factors (factors affecting the interaction between the individual and their environment). These factors influence both pain perception and responses to treatment.

Description

Pain is a universal phenomenon experienced by most individuals. However, pain sometimes persists beyond a reasonable time during which tissue typically heals following injury. Several researchers have developed and articulated conceptual models to understand how and why for some individuals pain transitions from acute to persistent states.

Fear-Avoidance Models of Pain

Fear-Avoidance Models posit that...
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References and Readings

  1. Asmundson, G. J. G., Norton, P. J., Norton, G. R. (1999). Beyond pain: The role of fear and avoidance in chronicity. Clinical Psychology Review, 19, 97–119.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  3. Gatchel, R. J., & Dersh, J. (2002). Psychological disorders and chronic pain: Are there cause-and-effect relationships? In D. C. Turk & R. J. Gatchel (Eds.), Psychological approaches to pain management: A practitioner’s handbook (2nd ed., pp. 30–51). New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Preventive MedicineFeinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern UniversityChicagoUSA