Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology

2012 Edition
| Editors: Robert A. Meyers

Global Wind Power Installations

  • Thomas Ackermann
  • Rena Kuwahata
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0851-3_76

Definition of the Subject

Wind power has been utilized for over 3,000 years to aid with human activities. Although it was predominantly used as mechanical power at the beginning, gradually, with industrialization, the focus shifted to the use as electrical power. With the arrival of the oil price shock in the early 1970s, the use of wind energy as electrical power started to gain more focus, and since the end of the twentieth-century, wind energy has become one of the most important sustainable energy resources. The installation of wind power production capacity is growing at a rapid pace, doubling every 3 years, and is expected to continue growing in the future, providing around 20% of the worlds’ power needs by 2030. With strong growth in on- and offshore developments in Europe, and rapid market expansions in the rest of the world, it is imperative that the knowledge which is currently concentrated in a few countries be spread, as implications on research, education, and...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Energynautics GmbHLangenGermany