Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology

2012 Edition
| Editors: Robert A. Meyers

Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction by Waste-to-Energy

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0851-3_403

Definition of the Subject

Waste management in general plays an important role in the GHG reduction targets of every country. Usually, the generated municipal solid wastes (MSW) are landfilled and in many cases these landfills are not controlled and their emissions are not collected. Collection and treatment of the emissions of regulated landfills can reduce their GHG effect by up to 75%. The reduction of wastes going to landfill and the replacement by a mechanical, biological, and/or thermal treatment lowers the released GHG emissions significantly.

By means of these processes, the contribution of waste management to the GHG emissions of a nation can be reduced from 3.3% to 1.2% (e.g., in Germany [1]). In addition, the use of waste incineration in a modern waste management system produces electrical power and heat from the wastes. This results in a further decrease of GHG emissions.

Introduction: Importance of Waste Incineration

The principal method of disposing MSW worldwide is...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Waste Management and Contaminated Site TreatmentTechnical University of DresdenPirnaGermany