Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology

2012 Edition
| Editors: Robert A. Meyers

Urban Air Quality: Sources and Concentrations

  • Michael Evan Goodsite
  • Ole Hertel
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0851-3_321

Definition of the Subject and Its Importance

Urban air quality refers to how “clean” the ambient air is inside of cities with a density, population, and level of activity that generally are recognized as “urban.” Urban air quality generally differs from rural air quality since there are more concentrated sources and the ability for the pollutants in the air to be dispersed are limited by the physical constraints of the urban environment. Urban air quality varies significantly in urban cities in industrialized worlds, and nonindustrialized world generally because of the difference between control on pollution sources and use of open fires in the urban areas. Nevertheless, illness, deaths, and damage to the environment are still attributed across the world to air pollution.

Worldwide, the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) (http://www.unep.org/urban_environment/issues/urban_air.asp, accessed February 13, 2010) reports that an estimated more than one billion people annually...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Atmospheric EnvironmentNational Environmental Research Institute, Aarhus UniversityRoskildeDenmark