Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology

2012 Edition
| Editors: Robert A. Meyers

Green Chemistry Metrics: Material Efficiency and Strategic Synthesis Design

  • John Andraos
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0851-3_224

Definition of the Subject and Its Importance

Over the last 2 decades, the topic of “green metrics ” has grown rapidly in conjunction with the field of green chemistry. Green metrics promise to provide a rigorous, thorough, and quantitative understanding of material, energy, and cost efficiencies for individual chemical reactions and synthesis plans. Indeed, before the advent of green chemistry, good synthetic strategy and elegance were ill-defined, yet intuitive concepts couched less in quantitative terms and more by subjective ones. The quest for a reliable method of measuring material efficiency or “greenness” of a chemical reaction, synthesis, or process is of fundamental importance in the field of organic synthesis when various routes to a given target molecule are considered for selection. Such a method should be robust in its application to any kind of reaction or plan regardless of complexity. It should standardize the ranking of efficiencies of synthesis plans in an...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryYork UniversityTorontoCanada