Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology

2012 Edition
| Editors: Robert A. Meyers

Green Infrastructure and Climate Change

  • Stephan Pauleit
  • Ole Fryd
  • Antje Backhaus
  • Marina Bergen Jensen
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0851-3_212

Definition of the Subject

By 2050, two-thirds of the world’s population will live in cities. Already today, cities of the developed world are a major source of greenhouse gas emissions. Therefore, cities need to make serious efforts to mitigate climate change. Urban planning can play a major role in this respect by designing compact, low footprint cities. However, climate change will also make a severe impact on cities mostly by intensification of the heat-island effect, increase of surface runoff from more frequent and intense rainstorms, and by coastal and riverine flooding. Urban planning will play an important role for development and implementation of integrated strategies for climate change mitigation and adaptation. Notably, “green infrastructure ” can assist in adapting cities to climate change by reducing the urban heat-island effect and by managing stormwater runoff. Urban greening , such as planting of shade trees and roof greening, can also reduce the energy demand for...

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Books and Reviews

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stephan Pauleit
    • 1
  • Ole Fryd
    • 2
  • Antje Backhaus
    • 2
  • Marina Bergen Jensen
    • 2
  1. 1.Center of Life and Food Sciences WeihenstephanTechnical University of MunichFreisingGermany
  2. 2.Forest and Landscape DenmarkUniversity of CopenhagenFrederiksberg CDenmark