Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology

2014 Edition
| Editors: Claire Smith

Keatley Creek and Bridge River: Complex Hunter-Gatherer Villages of the Middle Fraser Canyon

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0465-2_972

Introduction

Complex hunter-gatherers depart from the traditional model of hunter-gatherers as small relatively egalitarian groups, engaged in frequent residential moves, employing little formal storage and consuming a very broad diet drawn from non-domesticated food sources (Lee 1968). In contrast, complex hunter-gatherers often live in large groups, are typically characterized by social status distinctions, move residences somewhat infrequently, rely upon storage, and typically specialize in select non-domesticated food sources (Sassaman 2004). Archaeologists have been interested in better understanding variation in the evolution and organization of these societies. The archaeological record of complex hunter-gatherers is widespread and includes such archaeological entities as the Middle Jomon culture of Japan, the northern European Mesolithic, the Natufian of the Near East, the Thule Eskimo tradition of North America’s Western Arctic, the Marpole phase of British Columbia’s...
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References

  1. Ames, K. 2006. Thinking about household archaeology on the Northwest Coast, in E.A. Sobel, D. A. T. Gahr & K.M. Ames (ed.) Household archaeology on the Northwest Coast (International Monographs in Prehistory Archaeological series 16):16–36 Ann Arbor.Google Scholar
  2. Hayden, B. 1997. The pithouses of Keatley Creek. Fort Worth: Harcourt Brace College Publishers.Google Scholar
  3. Hayden, B. & R. Adams. 2004. Ritual structures in transegalitarian communities, in W.C. Prentiss & I. Kuijt (ed.) Complex hunter-gatherers: evolution and organization of prehistoric communities on the plateau of northwestern North America: 84–102. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press.Google Scholar
  4. Lee, R.B. 1968. What hunters do for a living, or, how to make out on scarce resources, in R.B. Lee & I. Devore (ed.) Man the hunter: 30–48. New York: Aldine.Google Scholar
  5. Prentiss, A.M. & I.Kuijt. 2012. P eople of the Middle Fraser Canyon: an archaeological history. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press.Google Scholar
  6. Prentiss, A.M., N. Lyons, L.E. Harris, M.R.P. Burns & T.M. Godin. 2007. The emergence of status inequality in intermediate scale societies: a demographic and socio-economic history of the Keatley Creek site, British Columbia. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 26:299–327.Google Scholar
  7. Prentiss, A.M., G. Cross, T.A. Foor, D. Markle, M. Hogan & D. S. Clarke. 2008. Evolution of a late prehistoric winter village on the interior plateau of British Columbia: geophysical investigations, radiocarbon dating, and spatial analysis of the Bridge River site. American Antiquity 73:59–82.Google Scholar
  8. Prentiss, A.M., T.A. Foor, G. Cross, L.E. Harris & M. Wanzenried. 2012. The cultural evolution of material wealth based inequality at Bridge River, British Columbia. American Antiquity 77:542–64.Google Scholar
  9. Sassaman, K.E. 2004. Complex hunter-gatherers in evolution and history: a North American perspective. Journal of Archaeological Research 12: 227–80.Google Scholar

Further Reading

  1. Hayden, B. (ed.) 1992. A complex culture of the British Columbia plateau. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press.Google Scholar
  2. Prentiss, W.C. & I. Kuijt. (ed.) 2004. C omplex hunter-gatherers: evolution and organization of prehistoric communities on the plateau of northwestern North America. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press.Google Scholar
  3. Prentiss, W.C., J.C. Chatters, M. Lenert, D. Clarke & R.C. O’Boyle. 2005. The archaeology of the plateau of northwestern North America during the late prehistoric period (3500–200 B.P.): evolution of hunting and gathering societies. Journal of World Prehistory 19:47–118.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyThe University of MontanaMissoulaUSA