Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology

2014 Edition
| Editors: Claire Smith

Agricultural Practices: A Case Study from Papua New Guinea

  • Tim DenhamEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0465-2_84

Introduction and Definition

A useful methodological tool to help unravel the complexities of how early agriculture emerged within a given locale is the concept of “practice” (following Bourdieu 1990; see Denham 2005, 2009, 2011; Denham & Haberle 2008; Bruno 2009; Jussuret 2010). In archaeology, practices represent human actions in the past, including habitual modes of behavior and dispositions, as well as individual idiosyncrasies (Barrett 1994). As such, the concept of practice has been proposed as a useful way to overcome various dualisms, or binary divisions, that permeate the study of human-environment interactions and social relations, whether in the past or present (Fig. 1; Denham & Haberle 2008; Denham 2009).
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Archaeological Science Programs, School of Archaeology and Anthropology, ANU College of Arts and Social SciencesThe Australian National UniversityCanberraAustralia