Ethics of Commercial Archaeology: Nigeria
The discussion of ethics in archaeology has assumed a contentious dimension with different segments within the discipline waging intellectual war on who is ethically correct or wrong. It has been observed that though archaeology may be dealing with lifeless, static, materials of the past, it still requires adopting certain cultural standards to maintain suitable ethics that would include a number of important moral issues (Johnston). The issue of ethics in archaeology is not new, what is new is the frequency and necessary passion of ethical discussions. In the past two decades, archaeology has changed so much that it seems like a new discipline. Many past archaeological works lacked sound ethical considerations such that they are today regarded as little more than tomb-robbing debacles. In the United States, it has been observed that “the most dramatic ethical vacillations are a result of the emergence of contract and conservation archaeology.” These developments “have...
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