Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology

2014 Edition
| Editors: Claire Smith

Ethics of Commercial Archaeology: Nigeria

  • Caleb Adebayo Folorunso
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0465-2_537

Introduction

The discussion of ethics in archaeology has assumed a contentious dimension with different segments within the discipline waging intellectual war on who is ethically correct or wrong. It has been observed that though archaeology may be dealing with lifeless, static, materials of the past, it still requires adopting certain cultural standards to maintain suitable ethics that would include a number of important moral issues (Johnston). The issue of ethics in archaeology is not new, what is new is the frequency and necessary passion of ethical discussions. In the past two decades, archaeology has changed so much that it seems like a new discipline. Many past archaeological works lacked sound ethical considerations such that they are today regarded as little more than tomb-robbing debacles. In the United States, it has been observed that “the most dramatic ethical vacillations are a result of the emergence of contract and conservation archaeology.” These developments “have...

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References

  1. European Archaeological Association. 1998. The EAA principles of conduct. Available at: http://e-a-a.org/princond.htm.
  2. Everill, P. n.d. British commercial archaeology: antiquarian and labourers, developers and diggers. Available at: http://www.academia.edu/172318/BRITISH_COMMERCIAL_ARCHAEOLOGY_ANTIQUARIANS_AND _LABOURERS_DEVELOPERS_AND_DIGGERS (accessed 25 November 2012).
  3. Folorunso, C.A. 2008. Archaeological sites and heritage in the face of socio-economic development in Nigeria since independence, in B.O.M. Naffe, R. Lanfranchi & N. Schlanger (ed.) L’archéologie préventive en Afrique: enjeux et perspectives: 135-41. Saint-Maur-des Fossés: Editions Sépia.Google Scholar
  4. Hirst, K.K. n.d. Commercial archaeology. Available at: http://archaeology.about.com/od/cterms/g/commercial.htm (accessed 25 November 2012).
  5. Johnston, G. 2012. Ethics and morals. Available at: http://www.archaeologyexpert.co.uk/ethicsandmorals.html (accessed 25 November 2012).
  6. Joukowsky, M.S. 1991. Ethics in archaeology: an American perspective. Berytus X: xxix. Available at: http://almashriq.hiof.no/ddc/projects/archaeology/berytus-back/berytus39/ethics/index.html (accessed 25 November 2012).
  7. Moore Group. 2008. Archaeology, ethics, corruption & the M3. Available at: http://mooregroup.wordpress.com/2008/07/17/archaeology-ethics-corruption-the-m3/ (accessed 25 November 2012).
  8. Stambaugh, S. n.d. Ethical challenges and principles in the field of archaeology. Available at: http://www.mansfield.edu/∼art/Papyrus2StephanieStambaughethical_challenges_and_principle.htm (accessed 25 November 2012).

Further Reading

  1. Dunnell, R.C. n.d. The ethics of archaeological significance decision. Available at: http://mendel.cla.csulb.edu/rcd/papers/Dunnell-TheEthicsOfArchaeologicalSignificanceDecisions.pdf (accessed 25 November 2012).
  2. Wikipedia. n.d. Rescue archaeology. Available at: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rescue_archaeology (accessed 25 November 2012).

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Archaeology and AnthropologyUniversity of IbadanIbadanNigeria