Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology

2014 Edition
| Editors: Claire Smith

Trackways in Archaeological Conservation and Preservation

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0465-2_513

Introduction

Ichnology is the branch of paleontology that studies human and animal fossil tracks and trackways, both of which are widespread across the world. That trackway sites are quite common is not surprising: an animal makes many tracks and traces during its life but leaves only one set of remains which, if skeletal, may be preserved in the fossil record. This entry is concerned with the preservation of trackway sites. Through the ICHNOS Project, Lockley and colleagues provide a record of some 63 hominid and human footprint sites, ordered by approximate age (Lockley et al. 2007). All of these are, needless to say, younger by far than the many known dinosaur track sites and the vastly older invertebrate trackway sites from the Paleozoic era. From a preservation point of view, it is not relevant to distinguish between categories of track maker. Hominid and dinosaur track sites in particular fascinate the public and are good exemplars pertaining to preservation and public access to...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access

Notes

Acknowledgment

Copyright 2014 The J. Paul Getty Trust. All rights reserved.

References

  1. Agnew, N. & M. Demas. 2004. Monitoring through replication: design and evaluation of the monitoring reburial at the Laetoli trackway site. Conservation and Management of Archaeological Sites 6: 295-303.Google Scholar
  2. Agnew, N., H. Griffin, M. Wade, T. Tebble & W. Oxnam. 1989. Strategies and techniques for the preservation of fossil tracksites: an Australian example, in D.D. Gillette & M.G. Lockley (ed.) Dinosaur tracks and traces: 397-407. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Clottes, J. 2001. La grotte Chauvet: l’art des origins. Paris: Seuil.Google Scholar
  4. Demas, M. & N. Agnew. 2006. Decision making for conservation of archaeological sites: the example of the Laetoli Hominid Trackway, Tanzania, in N. Agnew & J. Bridgland (ed.) Of the past, for the future: integrating archaeology & conservation. Proceedings of the conservation theme at the 5 th World Archaeological Congress Washington, DC, 22-26 June, 2003: 64-72.Google Scholar
  5. Demas, M. N. Agnew, S. Waane, J. Podany, A. Bass & D. Kamamba. 1996. Preservation of the Laetoli hominid trackway in Tanzania, in A. Roy & P. Smith (ed.) Archaeological conservation and its consequences. Preprints of the contributions to the Copenhagen Congress, 26-30 August 1996: 38-42. London: International Institute for Conservation.Google Scholar
  6. Farlow, J.O. 1993. The dinosaurs of Dinosaur Valley State Park. Austin: Texas Parks and Wildlife Dept.Google Scholar
  7. Lockley, M., J. Kim & G. Roberts. 2007. The Ichnos project: a re-evaluation of the hominid track record. New Mexico Museum of Natural History and Science Bulletin 42: 79-88.Google Scholar
  8. Meiklejohn, D. 2003. The ghosts of Lark Quarry. Australian Age of Dinosaurs 2: 19-31.Google Scholar
  9. Nixon, T. (ed.) 2001. Preserving archaeological remains in situ? Proceedings of the 2 nd Conference 12–14 September 2001. London: Museum of London Archaeology Service.Google Scholar
  10. Roberts, D.L. 2008. Last interglacial hominid and associated vertebrate fossil trackways in coastal eolianites, South Africa. Ichnos 15: 190-207.Google Scholar
  11. Roberts, G., S. Gonzalez & D. Huddart. 1996. Intertidal Holocene footprints and their archaeological significance. Antiquity 70: 647-651.Google Scholar
  12. Shelton, S. Y., R. C. Barnett & M. D. Magruder. 1993. Conservation of a dinosaur trackway exhibit. Collection Forum 9 (1): 17-26.Google Scholar
  13. Stanley-Price, N. & R. Burch. (ed.) 2004. Conservation and Management of Archaeological Sites 6 (Special Issue on Site Reburial). London: James & James.Google Scholar
  14. Stanley-Price, N. & F. Matero. (ed.) 2001. Conservation and Management of Archaeological Sites 5 (1 & 2) (Special Issue on Protective Shelters). London: James & James.Google Scholar
  15. Webb, S., M.L. Cupper & R. Robins. 2006. Pleistocene human footprints from the Willandra Lakes, southeastern Australia. Journal of Human Evolution 50 (4): 405-413.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The J. Paul Getty Trust 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Getty Conservation InstituteLos AngelesUSA