Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology

2014 Edition
| Editors: Claire Smith

Textiles and Fabrics: Conservation and Preservation

  • Ulla ManneringEmail author
  • Irene Skals
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0465-2_488


A textile is a binary system of fibers or other materials worked into threads. In essence a textile is formed by weaving, but the term can also be used more generically and thus covers flexible products made in other techniques, as, for instance, twining, needle binding, knotting, and knitting. Felting and basketry are also techniques related to textiles. Thus, textiles can be seen as one part of an overall cloth culture, which may include many different materials and techniques (Harris 2012).

Around the world and throughout time, humans have created textiles by exploiting different natural resources and inventing tools and methodologies to change these resources into a viable product. Some areas are rich in traditional textile resources, like materials for fibers, dyes, and tools, but also in less resource plentiful areas, humans have found solutions for fulfilling the demand for textiles.


Until very recent times, textiles were primarily made from natural...

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Further Reading

  1. Banck-Burgess, J. 1999. Hochdorf IV, die Textilfunde aus dem späthallstattischen Fürstengrab von Eberdingen-Hochdorf (Kreis Ludwigsburg) und weitere Grabtextilien aus Hallstatt- und Latenezeitlichen Kulturgruppen. Stuttgart.Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Danish National Research Foundation's Centre for Textile ResearchThe National Museum of DenmarkCopenhagenDenmark
  2. 2.Department of ConservationThe National Museum of DenmarkKgs. LyngbyDenmark