Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology

2014 Edition
| Editors: Claire Smith

‘Ain Difla Rockshelter

  • Geoffrey A. ClarkEmail author
  • Joseph Schuldenrein
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0465-2_2307


‘Ain Difla (WHS 634) was discovered by Burton MacDonald’s Wadi Hasa Survey in 1982 and was partially excavated by Geoffrey Clark in 1984, 1992, and 1993; by Clark and Gary Rollefson in 1986; and by Zeljko Rezek in 2010 and 2011 (Fig. 1). Located at c. 780 m above sea level in the Wadi Ali, a southern tributary of the Wadi Hasa in west-central Jordan, the site consists of a small wedge of sediment preserved under the overhang of a large rockshelter, the contents of which have mostly been emptied by fluctuations in the course of the wadi, now located some 12 m below it. Intact deposits cover about 35 m 2 and extend to a depth of c. 6–7 m in the talus slope in front of the rockshelter (Fig. 2). Preservation within the rockshelter is a function of its location, nestled within a recessed cavity that protected it from lateral erosion and slope retreat.
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Human Evolution and Social ChangeArizona State UniversityTempeUSA
  2. 2.Geoarchaeology Research Associates, IncYonkersUSA