Tomatoes: Origins and Development
Basic Species Information
Although Linnaeus (1753) classified tomato as Solanum lycopersicum, the taxonomy of tomato has been subject to great debate. Various alternative taxonomic classifications have been proposed, principally as Lycopersicon esculentum, which is still in common usage (e.g., Doebley et al. 2006). Multiple genetic studies now unequivocally confirm the tomato as belonging to the genus Solanum. Confusingly, some researchers split tomatoes into the weedy S. lycopersicum var. cerasiforme and the cultivated S. lycopersicum var. lycopersicum, whereas others refer solely to Solanum lycopersicum. The latter classification is followed here.
Tomatoes are one of the most significant, in terms of production, crop plants in the world. Although generally considered to be a fruit, the tomato is also classified as a vegetable. Tomatoes are rich sources of several nutrients and vitamins. Tomatoes are herbaceous perennials, although in many growing environments they behave as annuals;...
- Advisory Committee on Technology Innovation (ACTI), Board on Science and Technology for International Development, National Research Council. 1989. Lost crops of the Incas: little-known plants of the Andes with promise for worldwide cultivation. Washington (DC): National Academy Press.Google Scholar
- Blanca, J., J. Cañizares, L. Cordero, L. Pascual, M.J. Diez & F. Nuez. 2012. Variation revealed by SNP genotyping and morphology provides insight into the origin of the tomato. PLoS One 7: e48198.Google Scholar
- Campbell, L. & T. Kaufman. 1976. A linguistic look at the Olmecs. American Antiquity 41: 80-89.Google Scholar
- De Candolle, A. 1884.Origin of cultivated plants. London: Kegan Paul.Google Scholar
- Doebley, J.F., B.S. Gaut & B.D. Smith. 2006. The molecular genetics of crop domestication. Cell 127: 1309-1321.Google Scholar
- Jenkins, J.A. 1948. The origin of the cultivated tomato. Economic Botany 2: 379-392.Google Scholar
- Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species plantarum. Stockholm: Holmiae.Google Scholar
- McMeekin, D. 1992. Representations of pre-Columbian spindle whorls of the floral and fruit structure of economic plants. Economic Botany 46: 171-180.Google Scholar
- Nesbitt, T.C. & S.D. Tanksley. 2002. Comparative sequencing in the genus Lycopersicon: implications for the evolution of fruit size in the domestication of cultivated tomatoes. Genetics 162: 365-379.Google Scholar
- Peralta, I.E. & D.M. Spooner. 2007. History, origin and early cultivation of tomato (Solanaceae), in M.K. Razdan & A.K. Mattoo (ed.) Genetic improvement of Solanaceous crops, Volume 2: tomato: 1-27. Enfield: Science Publishers.Google Scholar
- The Tomato Genome Consortium. 2012. The tomato gene sequence provides insights into freshy fruit evolution. Nature 485: 635-641.Google Scholar
- Zeder, M.A., E. Emshwiller, B.D. Smith & D.G. Bradley. 2006. Documenting domestication: the intersection of genetics and archaeology. TRENDS in Genetics 22: 139-155.Google Scholar