Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology

2014 Edition
| Editors: Claire Smith

Environmental Archaeology in the Commercial Context

  • James MorrisEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0465-2_2127


Environmental archaeology is the study of past human environments, using earth and life sciences to examine the archaeological record. Like many areas of archaeological science, environmental archaeology developed in the 1960s and 1970s as North American and western European archaeologists embraced ecological principles in their work, with the analysis of environmental remains now recognized as an important constituent of archaeological investigations. Environmental archaeology covers a wide range of topics often based on the subdivisions within earth and life sciences, with archaeobotanists, geoarchaeologists, osteoarchaeologists, paleoentomologists, palynologists, and zooarchaeologists all existing within the wider sphere of environmental archaeology. As commercial archaeological organizations have developed in certain countries in response to historic environment legislation, a market for environmental archaeological work has developed, with resulting growth and...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Forensic and Investigative SciencesUniversity of Central LancashirePrestonUK