Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology

2014 Edition
| Editors: Claire Smith

The Guianas: Pre-Columbian Heritage

  • Stéphen Rostain
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0465-2_1960

Introduction

Up to recently, pre-Columbian coastal Guianas were almost always forgotten in any study on the prehistory of Amazonia. In most publications, only the archaeology of the valley of the Amazon was presented, leaving away all the lands north of the Guianas watershed that were completely ignored.

Coastal Guianas are located north of the Guianas watershed line where rivers do not go from north to south toward the Amazon River but flow to the north toward the Atlantic Ocean. This concerns three entire countries that are Guyana, Suriname, and French Guiana and three states that are Delta Amacuro y Bolivar (partially) in Venezuela and Amapá in Brazil (Fig. 1). Remarkable progress and discoveries made these last years in the archaeology of the Guianas have changed the vision on the cultural developments and the role of this territory during pre-Columbian times. Archaeologists are now aware of the importance of the northern part of the lower Amazon, especially the Amapá State, as a...
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Boomert, A. 1981. The Taruma phase of southern Suriname. Journal of the Walter Roth Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology 4: 104-57.Google Scholar
  2. Cabral, M.P. & J.D.M. Saldanha. 2009. Note sur des structures mégalithiques en Guyane brésilienne. Journal de la Société des Américanistes 95: 97-110.Google Scholar
  3. Dubelaar, C.N. 1986. The petroglyphs in the Guianas and adjacent areas of Brazil and Venezuela: an inventory, with a comprehensive bibliography of South American and Antillean Petroglyphs (Monumenta Archaeologica 12). Los Angeles: Institute of Archaeology, University of California.Google Scholar
  4. Hurault, J., P. Frenay & Y. Raoux. 1963. Pétroglyphes et assemblages de pierres dans le sud-est de la Guyane française. Journal de la Société des Américanistes LII: 157-66.Google Scholar
  5. Mazière, M. (ed.) 1997. L’archéologie en Guyane. Cayenne: Edition APPAAG (Association pour la Protection du Patrimoine Archéologique et Architectural de la Guyane).Google Scholar
  6. Mazière, M. 2008. Art rupestre amérindien de Guyane française. Matoury: Ibis Rouge Éditions.Google Scholar
  7. McKey, D., S. Rostain, J. Iriarte, B. Glaser, J. Birk, I. Holst & D. Renard. 2010. Pre-Columbian agricultural landscapes, ecosystem engineers and self-organized patchiness in Amazonia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 107: 7823-8.Google Scholar
  8. Meggers, B.J. & C. Evans. 1957. Archaeological investigations at the mouth of the Amazon (Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 167). Washington: Smithsonian Institution.Google Scholar
  9. Rostain, S. 1994. L’occupation amérindienne ancienne du littoral de Guyane (TDM 129). Paris: ORSTOM Editions.Google Scholar
  10. - 2008. The archaeology of the Guianas: an overview, in H. Silverman & W. Isbell (ed.) Handbook of South American archaeology: 279-302. New York: Springer.Google Scholar
  11. - 2010. Pre-Columbian earthworks in coastal Amazonia. Diversity 2: 353-69.Google Scholar
  12. - 2011. Que hay de nuevo al Norte: apuntes sobre el Aristé. Revista de arqueologia 24: 10-31.Google Scholar
  13. Versteeg, A.H. 2003. Suriname voor Columbus/Suriname before Columbus (Libri Musei Surinamensis 1). Paramaribo: Stichting Surinaams Museum.Google Scholar
  14. Williams, D. 1992. El arcaico en el noroeste de Guyana y los cominezos de la horticultura, in B.J. Meggers (ed.) Prehistoria Sudamericana. Nuevas Perspectivas: 233-51. Washington: Taraxacum.Google Scholar
  15. - 2003. Prehistoric Guiana. Miami: Ian Randle Publishers.Google Scholar

Further Reading

  1. Boomert, A. 1980. The Sipaliwini archaeological complex of Surinam: a summary. Nieuve West-Indische Gids 2: 94-107.Google Scholar
  2. Brett, W.H. 1868. The Indian tribes of Guiana: their condition and habits. London: Bell & Daldy.Google Scholar
  3. Morisot, A. 2002. Auguste Morisot. Un pintor en el Orinoco, 1886-1887. Caracas: Planeta, Fundación Cisneros.Google Scholar
  4. Saldanha, J.D.M. & M.P. Cabral. 2010. A Arqueologia do Amapá: reavaliação e novas perspectivas, in E.S. Pereira & V. Guapindaia (ed.) Arqueologia Amazônica 1: 95-112.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CNRS, Institut Français d’Études AndinesQuitoEcuador