Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology

2014 Edition
| Editors: Claire Smith

The Guianas: Pre-Columbian Heritage

  • Stéphen RostainEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0465-2_1960


Up to recently, pre-Columbian coastal Guianas were almost always forgotten in any study on the prehistory of Amazonia. In most publications, only the archaeology of the valley of the Amazon was presented, leaving away all the lands north of the Guianas watershed that were completely ignored.

Coastal Guianas are located north of the Guianas watershed line where rivers do not go from north to south toward the Amazon River but flow to the north toward the Atlantic Ocean. This concerns three entire countries that are Guyana, Suriname, and French Guiana and three states that are Delta Amacuro y Bolivar (partially) in Venezuela and Amapá in Brazil (Fig. 1). Remarkable progress and discoveries made these last years in the archaeology of the Guianas have changed the vision on the cultural developments and the role of this territory during pre-Columbian times. Archaeologists are now aware of the importance of the northern part of the lower Amazon, especially the Amapá State, as a...
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Further Reading

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CNRS, Institut Français d’Études AndinesQuitoEcuador