Tourism, Archaeology, and Ethics: A Case Study in the Rupununi Region of Guyana
Introduction and Definition
Ethics is a feature found in seemingly every discussable topic. It guides moral decision-making, informs strategic thought, and ultimately influences human behavior. Ethics is based upon the principle that individuals are members of a community, cogs in a much larger machine. There is hence a fundamental responsibility for individual motives to align with the needs of the larger community. This entry briefly elaborates on this concept with a particular focus on the ethical relationship between tourism and archaeology. Key themes that are considered include the respective ethical frameworks for tourism and archaeology and the relationship between their unification. Also examined is how this relationship can effectively be developed within an emerging tourism and understudied archaeological site: the Rupununi region of Guyana.
Key Issues/Current Debates/Future Directions/Examples
Ethics, Tourism, and Sustainability
As one of the world’s largest industries,...
- Atalay, S. 2006. Indigenous archaeology as decolonizing practice. The American Indian Quarterly 30 (3&4): 280-310.Google Scholar
- Du Cros, H. 2001. A new model to assist in planning for sustainable cultural heritage tourism. International Journal of Tourism Research 3: 165-170.Google Scholar
- Karki, M., V. Immonen & J. Taavitsainen. 2006. Welding theory with tourism: past and present of industrial archaeology in Finland. Industrial Archaeology Review XXVIII (1): 47-58.Google Scholar
- Levine, M., K. Britt, & J. Delle. 2005. Heritage tourism and community outreach: public archaeology at the Thaddeus Stevens and Lydia Hamilton Smith Site in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, USA. International Journal of Heritage Studies 11(5): 399-414.Google Scholar
- Lynott, M. 1997. Ethical principles and archaeological practice: development of an ethics policy. American Antiquity 62(4): 589-599.Google Scholar
- Malloy, D. & D. Fennell. 1998. Codes of ethics and tourism: an exploratory content analysis. Tourism Management 19(5): 453-461.Google Scholar
- Marshall, Y. 2002. What is community archaeology? World Archaeology 34(2): 211-219.Google Scholar
- Meskell, L. 2000. The practice and politics of archaeology in Egypt. Annals New York Academy of Sciences: 146-169.Google Scholar
- Nycander, E. C. Hutchinson, J. Karwacki, V. Welch, C. Bernard & G. Albert. (ed.) 2010. Community tourism enterprise development in the Rupununi: a blueprint. Guyana: Conservation International Foundation Guyana, Inc.Google Scholar
- Payne, D. & F. Dimanche. 1996. Towards a code of conduct for the tourism industry: an ethics model. Journal of Business Ethics 15: 997-1007.Google Scholar
- Plew, M. 2004. The archaeology of Iwokrama and the North Rupununi. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 154: 7-28.Google Scholar
- Ramsey, D. & J. Everitt. 2008. If you dig it, they will come! Archaeology heritage sites and tourism development in Belize, Central America. Tourism Management 29: 909-916.Google Scholar
- Shearman, R. 1990. The meaning and ethics of sustainability. Environmental Management 14(1): 1-8.Google Scholar
- United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO). 2011. Available at http://www.unwto.org/ (accessed November 2011).
- Williams, D. 1979. A report on lithic artifacts in the South Rupununi Savannas. Journal of Archaeology and Anthropology 2(1): 10-52.Google Scholar
- - 2003 Prehistoric Guiana. Kingston, Jamaica: Ian Randle Publishers Inc.Google Scholar
- Wurz, S. & J. Van Der Merwe. 2005. Gauging Site sensitivity for sustainable archaeotourism in the Western Cape province of South Africa. South African Archaeological Bulletin 60(181): 10-19.Google Scholar