Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology

2014 Edition
| Editors: Claire Smith

Altai: Paleolithic

  • Nicolas ZwynsEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0465-2_1904

Introduction

The Altai range is located at the cross-roads between Central and Northeast Asia, between 49–52° N latitude and 32–88° E longitude. The Altai plain borders it in the north and the Ob River Basin opens to the west on the Siberian plain. On the northwest border stand the Salair and the Alatau ranges and in the southwest, the western Sayan range. In the south, the Mongolian Altai runs east to the Gobi Desert and joins the Kazakh steppe to the west. In the southwest, the Altai is separated from the Central Tian Shan by the plains of the eastern Balkash, by the Tarbaghatay range, and by the surrounding Zaisan. The plains reach the Xinjang and the Taklamakan desert via the Turpan-Ami depression and southern and Inner-Mongolia via the western edge of the Gobi desert.

The Altai Mountains are the result of a complex and contrasted history. Several periods of complete flattening (e.g., Early Mesozoic, Late Paleozoic) of the landscape have been recorded and the current setting was...

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References

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Further Reading

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.TRACESUniversité Toulouse Le MirailToulouseFrance
  2. 2.Department of Human EvolutionMax Planck Institute for Evolutionary AnthropologyLeipzigGermany