Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology

2014 Edition
| Editors: Claire Smith

Europe: Early Upper Paleolithic

  • Janusz K. Kozłowski
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0465-2_1858

State of Knowledge and Current Debates

The transition from the Middle to the Upper Paleolithic is a period of the most vital changes in the evolution of population and European cultures when Neanderthals had been replaced by Anatomically Modern Humans and the Middle Paleolithic cultures (Mousterian and Micoquian) were replaced by the Upper Paleolithic cultures. The process of changes that were taking place in Europe between 45 and 30 Kyr BP was not uniform it is nature, but complex and multilinear (Mellars & Stringer 1989; Mellars 1990; Mellars et al. 2007; Kozłowski & Sacchi 2007). In terms of physical anthropology, the concepts of local evolution of Neanderthals into Anatomically Modern Humans have to be rejected on the basis of recent palaeogenetic analyses. Neanderthals evolved locally in western Eurasia beginning from more than 200 Kyr until their extinction between about 30 and 28 Kyr BP (Stringer & Gamble 1993). These populations created a variety of Middle Paleolithic...

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Further Reading

  1. Broglio, A. 1996. Le punte a dorso del protoaurgnaziano mediterraneo i reperti della grotta di Fumane. UISPP XIII Congres, Colloquium XII, Forli: 237-48.Google Scholar
  2. - 2006. Piture aurignaziane nella grotta di Fumane. Memorie del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Verona 9: 11-63.Google Scholar
  3. Stiner, M. 1994. Honor among thieves: a zooarchaeological study of Neanderthal ecology. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Janusz K. Kozłowski
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of ArchaeologyJagiellonian UniversityKrakowPoland