Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology

2014 Edition
| Editors: Claire Smith

Tenochtitlan (Aztec): Geography and Culture

  • Lilia Lizama ArandaEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0465-2_1677


To understand part by part what Tenochtitlan was, we have to look first into knowing how Tenochtitlan initiated and how it was organized. On the very top of the gods that occupied the most prominent space within temple of their city was Huitzilopochtli. He represented the solar cult, but in this city, there was a long list of gods that were recognized by their people who built and lived there. His pyramid was built as a dual pyramid and had a shrine in the south, and another for a god named Tlaloc was built in the north, who represented legitimacy and antiquity, as well as rain, lightening, fertility, and earth. Gods like Tlaloc, who was risen from a spring. According to Miller and Taube (1993: 93) Tlaloc welcomed Huitzilopochtli when the Aztecs fled the mainland and went to the island in the middle of Lake Texcoco in 1345. Among these two gods was born the conception of war in the shape of fire and water, but it was under Huitzilopochtli’s outset human sacrifice and war...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Manejo Cultural Research Center, University Autonomous of Yucatan, Faculty of Anthropological ScienciesPuerto MorelosMexico