Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology

2014 Edition
| Editors: Claire Smith

Teotihuacan: Geography and Culture

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0465-2_1675


The city of Teotihuacan is located in the northeast part of the Valley of Mexico. It is delineated by the Cerro Gordo and Cerro de Malinalco to the north, Cerro Patlachique to the south, the Cerro de Cuautlancingo to the east, and Cerro de Tlahuilco to the west. The Teotihuacan Valley contains approximately 600 km2 of land area and is located at a height of between 2,240 and 2,300 m above sea level.


Teotihuacan was an essentially urban culture, a multiethnic society arranged according to a precise model of town planning, linked by family relationships and lines of descent (Millon 1973). However, beneath this is concealed a series of complex questions on sociopolitical organization and integration, within a single urban space over six centuries of cultural development. Over the last few years, scholars have drawn attention to the multiethnicity of the inhabitants of Teotihuacan, which is demonstrated by the different ethnic quarters found in the city. During the...

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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departamento de Antropología Social, Historia de América y ÁfricaUniversidad de BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain