Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology

2014 Edition
| Editors: Claire Smith

Ethnoarchaeology: Learning from Potters in Gilund

  • Amrita Sarkar
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0465-2_1531

Introduction and Definition

Ethnoarchaeology is an ever-expanding subdiscipline within archaeology, and pottery undoubtedly gets more than its fair share of attention. But with recent social and economic trends, it can be seen that opportunities of undertaking certain kinds of ethnoarchaeological study are themselves diminishing. By an interesting coincidence, the village of Gilund in Rajasthan, NW India, was host to an important early third millennium BCE, Chalcolithic settlement of Ahar-Banas Complex (Sankalia et al 1969; Shinde & Possehl 2005), and at the same time to some of the last indigenous potters still working in the twenty-first century CE. The modern village of Gilund is located approximately 1.5 km from the archaeological site of Gilund, northeast of the modern village. The potters are locally called Kumhar. According to the potters and their family members, use of earthenware or ceramic vessels is no longer profitable because of modernization and the popularity of...
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References

  1. Nagar, M. 1967. The Ahar culture: an archaeological and ethnographic study. Unpublished PhD dissertation, Poona University.Google Scholar
  2. Sankalia, H.D., S.B. Deo & Z.D. Ansari. 1969. Excavation at Ahar (Tambavati). Pune: Deccan College.Google Scholar
  3. Sarkar, A. 2011a. Chalcolithic and modern potting at Gilund, Rajasthan: a cautionary tale. Antiquity 85: 994-1007.Google Scholar
  4. - 2011b. A study of cultural development from early to mature Chaleotithic in Mewar region of Rajasthan. Unpublished dissertation, Deccan College, Pune, India.Google Scholar
  5. Shinde, V. & G. L. Possehl. 2005. A report on the excavations at Gilund, in C. Jarrige & V. Lefèvre (ed.) South Asian archaeology, 2001: proceedings of the 16th International Conference of the European Association of South Asian Archaeologists held in College de France, Paris, 26 July 2001: 292–302. Paris: Recherche sur les Civilisations.Google Scholar

Further Reading

  1. Kramer, C. 1997. Pottery in Rajasthan: ethnoarchaeology in two Indian cities. Washington (DC): Smithsonian Institution Press.Google Scholar
  2. Mishra, A. 2008. Beyond pots and pans: a study of Chalcolithic Balathal. New Delhi: IGRMS & Aryan Books International.Google Scholar
  3. Mishra, V.N. 2007. Rajasthan: prehistoric and early historic foundations. New Delhi: Aryan Books International.Google Scholar
  4. Saraswati, B. & N.K. Behura. 1966. Pottery techniques in peasant India (Anthropological Survey of India Memoir 13). Calcutta: Anthropological Survey of India.Google Scholar
  5. Shinde, V. 2002. The emergence, development and spread of agricultural communities in South Asia, in Y. Yasuda (ed.) The origins of pottery and agriculture: 89-115. New Delhi: Roli Books.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amrita Sarkar
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ArchaeologyDeccan College Postgraduate & Research Institute, Deemed UniversityPuneIndia