Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology

2014 Edition
| Editors: Claire Smith

Terramara Santa Rosa di Poviglio Alluvial Site

  • Mauro CremaschiEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0465-2_1521


The “Terramare” are banked and moated villages dating to the Middle and Recent Bronze ages (1600–1150 year BCE), located in the alluvial plain of the Po river, northern Italy. They are witness to a complex society, whose subsistence was based on intensive agriculture, pastoralism, and long-range trade (Barfield 1994). The Terramare people first carried out a radical clearing of the Po plain to provide land for intensive agriculture, and changed the natural drainage by digging canals and ditches to feed moats surrounding the villages and to irrigate the fields in the countryside (Cremaschi et al. 2006). The culture reached its apogee, along with a prolific population, at the beginning of the Recent Bronze age, but at the end of this period suffered a societal collapse that led to the abandonment of the villages in a few generations (Cardarelli 2010).

Key Issues/Current Debates/Future Directions/Examples

The Terramare have been a major subject of research by the Italian...

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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra ‘A. Desio’Università degli Studi di MilanoMilanItaly