Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology

2014 Edition
| Editors: Claire Smith

Terramara Santa Rosa di Poviglio Alluvial Site

  • Mauro Cremaschi
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0465-2_1521

Introduction

The “Terramare” are banked and moated villages dating to the Middle and Recent Bronze ages (1600–1150 year BCE), located in the alluvial plain of the Po river, northern Italy. They are witness to a complex society, whose subsistence was based on intensive agriculture, pastoralism, and long-range trade (Barfield 1994). The Terramare people first carried out a radical clearing of the Po plain to provide land for intensive agriculture, and changed the natural drainage by digging canals and ditches to feed moats surrounding the villages and to irrigate the fields in the countryside (Cremaschi et al. 2006). The culture reached its apogee, along with a prolific population, at the beginning of the Recent Bronze age, but at the end of this period suffered a societal collapse that led to the abandonment of the villages in a few generations (Cardarelli 2010).

Key Issues/Current Debates/Future Directions/Examples

The Terramare have been a major subject of research by the Italian...

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References

  1. Barfield, L. 1994. The Bronze Age of northern Italy: recent work and social interpretation, in C. Mathers & S. Stoddart (ed.) Development and decline in the Mediterranean Bronze Age (Sheffield Archaeological Monographs 8): 129-44. Sheffield: Collis J.R. publications.Google Scholar
  2. BernabòBrea, M. & M. Cremaschi. 2004. La terramara di Santa Rosa di Poviglio nel corso del Bronzo Recente, in Atti del Convegno L’età del Bronzo Recente in Italia, Lido di Camaiore 26-29 ottobre 2000: 101-11.Google Scholar
  3. BernabòBrea, M., A. Cardarelli & M. Cremaschi. (ed.) 1997. Le terramare. La più antica civiltà padana. Milano: Electa.Google Scholar
  4. Cardarelli, A. 2010. The collapse of the Terramare culture and growth of new economic and social systems during the Bronze Age in Italy. Scienze dell’Antichità. Storia, Archeologia, Antropologia 15: 449-520.Google Scholar
  5. Cremaschi, M. & C. Pizzi. 2011. Exploiting water resource in the Bronze Age villages (terramare) of the Po plain (northern Italy). Recent investigation in the terramara Santa Rosa of Poviglio. Antiquity Project Gallery 85 (327). Available at: http://antiquity.ac.uk/projgall/cremaschi327/.
  6. Cremaschi, M., C. Pizzi & V. Valsecchi. 2006. Water management and land use in the terramare and a possible climatic co-factor in their collapse. The case study of the Terramara S. Rosa (northern Italy). Quaternary International 151: 87-98.Google Scholar
  7. Mele, M., M. Cremaschi, M. Giudici, A. Bassi, C. Pizzi & A. Lozej, 2011. Near-surface geophysical prospection to reveal the hidden structure of the Terramara Santa Rosa, Poviglio (Italy). Abstract in: Epitome p 339.Google Scholar
  8. Pearce, M. 1998. New research on the terramare of northern Italy. Antiquity 72: 743-6.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra ‘A. Desio’Università degli Studi di MilanoMilanItaly