Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology

2014 Edition
| Editors: Claire Smith

Trade and Transport in the Ancient Mediterranean

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0465-2_1485

Introduction

The subject of trade and transport leads into different questions and forms of analysis depending on the perspective adopted. From an economic point of view, trade is part of developing systems of exchange by which the production and consumption of goods are linked over small and longer distances. Major questions include which and what quantities of goods were traded where and by what means, how much of a surplus was available for trade, and how effectively trade, transport, and currency fulfilled their purposes within a specified geographical range. Which social, political, and technological circumstances affected volumes of trade, and what factors stimulated or prohibited the development and expansion of markets? The emergence of price-setting markets is central for economic history. Economic historians are aware that trade via markets is only one possible way of moving goods and services from their place of production to that of consumption, but it is the one with the...

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Further Reading

  1. McCormick, M. 2001. Origins of the European economy: communications and commerce, AD 300-900. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Morley, N. 2007. Trade in classical antiquity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of FreiburgFreiburgGermany