Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology

2014 Edition
| Editors: Claire Smith

Early Iron Age Greece (c. 1150–700 BCE)

  • Alexander Mazarakis-Ainian
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0465-2_1449

State of Knowledge and Current Debates

The Chronological Framework

The period that extends from the Late Bronze Age until the Classical period, namely, from the middle of the eleventh to the early fifth century, is divided into subperiods: the so-called Protogeometric (1050–900 BCE), the Geometric (900–700 BCE), and the Archaic (700–480 BCE). The last phase of the Late Bronze Age – the twelfth century – which saw the destruction of the Mycenaean world is classified as Late Helladic III C (LH IIIC) and Late Minoan in Crete (LM IIIC). In some areas the ceramic production reveals a short period between LH IIIC and PG, known as Submycenaean (or Subminoan in Crete).

The Protogeometric Period (Eleventh and Tenth Centuries BCE)

The destruction of the Mycenaean palaces and the collapse of the Mycenaean civilization were followed by a period of great unrest. Extensive population movements on the Greek mainland, the islands, and the coast of Asia Minor gradually led to the formation of the...

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References

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Further Reading

  1. Coldstream, J.N. 2003. Geometric Greece: 900-700 BC, 2nd edn. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
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  4. Dickinson, O.T.P.K. 2006. The Aegean from Bronze Age to Iron Age: continuity and change between the twelfth and eighth centuries B.C. London: Routledge.Google Scholar
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  7. Hurwit, J. 1985. The art and culture of early Greece. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Langdon, S. (ed.) 1997. New light on a Dark Age: exploring the culture of geometric Greece. Columbia & London: University of Missouri Press.Google Scholar
  9. Malkin, I. 1987.Religion and colonization in ancient Greece. Leiden: Brill.Google Scholar
  10. Morgan, C. 1990. Athletes and oracles: the transformation of Olympia and Delphi in the eighth century BC. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of History, Archaeology and Social AnthropologyUniversity of ThessalyVolosGreece