Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology

2014 Edition
| Editors: Claire Smith

Kirkman, James

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0465-2_1384

Basic Biographical Information

James Spedding Kirkman (OBE, FSA) was born in 1906. After graduating from Cambridge in 1928, he worked in various outposts of the British Empire including Borneo (as an administrative officer) and Ceylon (as a tea planter). His plans to work in Iraq were interrupted by the Second World War, during which he served as a rear gunner with the RAF. He was posted to the Middle East during the war, becoming fluent in Arabic and afterward worked briefly at the Iraqi embassy in London, later joining the External Services of the BBC (Croome 1989; The Times1989).

Between his stints in Ceylon and Iraq, Kirkman had worked as a volunteer at the Castle Dove and later the Maiden Castle excavations (under Mortimer Wheeler) in the early 1930s. He also spent three years excavating in Palestine. This along with his World War II posting kindled an interest in Islamic culture (Croome 1989). He returned to archaeology in 1948 when, following an inquiry to Louis Leakey, he was...

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  1. Allen, J. De V. & T.H. Wilson. (ed.) 1982. From Zinj to Zanzibar: studies in history, trade and society on the coast of East Africa. Papers presented in honour of Dr. James Kirkman (Paideuma 28). Wiesbaden: Kommissionsverlag.Google Scholar
  2. Anonymous. 1990. James Kirkman 1906-1989. Azania 25: 106-8.Google Scholar
  3. Croome, A. 1989. Dr James Spedding Kirkman. The International Journal of Nautical Archaeology and Underwater Exploration 18: 189-90.Google Scholar
  4. Kirkman, J.S. 1954. The Arab city of Gedi: excavations at the Great Mosque. Architecture and finds. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  5. - 1964. Men and monuments on the East African coast. New York: Frederick A. Praeger.Google Scholar
  6. - 1966. The Kenya littoral. Current Anthropology 7: 347–8.Google Scholar
  7. - 1974. Fort Jesus: a Portuguese fortress on the East African coast. Oxford: The Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
  8. The Times. Dr. James Kirkman, Obituary, 3 May 1989.Google Scholar

Further Reading

  1. Kirkman, J.S. 1957. Historical archaeology in Kenya, 1948-1956. The Antiquaries Journal 37: 16-29.Google Scholar
  2. - 1963. Gedi: the palace. The Hague: Mouton & Co.Google Scholar
  3. - 1966. Ungwana on the Tana. The Hague: Mouton & Co.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of South AfricaPretoriaSouth Africa