Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology

2014 Edition
| Editors: Claire Smith

Thailand: Cultural Heritage Management

  • Thanik LertcharnritEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0465-2_1165

Introduction and Definition

Thailand has a long history of cultural development, but the management of cultural heritage under a protective framework did not begin until fairly recently.

It is interesting to note that throughout its history of cultural development, perceptions of the past varied from place to place depending upon influences such as religions, beliefs, and political situations. For example, Thai people as Buddhists generally perceive the past as something that represents change and becoming. It may be abandoned quickly and easily. It is expected that new things can be created, invented, or established. Thus, restoration or reconstruction of old pagodas or stupas, pavilions, and other religious buildings is not culturally wrong. Byrne (1995) brilliantly discussed the use of stupa and conservation conflicts in Thailand. Strictly speaking, the past as interpreted by King Rama VI, during his reign, was a key tool in building nationalism. He convinced the people to be proud...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Byrne, D. 1995. Buddhist stupa and Thai social practice. World Archaeology 27(2): 266-281.Google Scholar
  2. Charoenwongsa, P. 1994. Managing Thailand’s archaeological resources. Paper presented in the 15th IPPA Congress (January 5-12, 1994), Chiang Mai, Thailand.Google Scholar
  3. Fine Arts Department. 1968.A compilation of royal proclamations of King Rama IV, B.E. 2394-2404. Published on the occasion of royal cremation ceremony of Phra Mahaphodhiwongsacharn Inthachotathern, November 9, 1968. Bangkok. (in Thai).Google Scholar
  4. - 1989. National museums in Thailand. Bangkok: Fine Arts Department. (in Thai).Google Scholar
  5. - 1990. Theory and practice in preservation and restoration of ancient monuments and archaeological sites (Technical series 1/2532(1989)). Office of Archaeology. (in Thai).Google Scholar
  6. - 2005. Ancient monuments, ancient objects, art objects and National Museum Act of 1961. Bangkok: Fine Arts Department. (in Thai).Google Scholar
  7. Kasetsiri, Ch. 1979. Thai historiography from ancient times to the modern period, in A. Reid & D. Marr (ed.) Perceptions of the past in Southeast Asia. Singapore: Heinemann Educational Books.Google Scholar
  8. Ketudhat, P. 1995. Development of archaeology in Thailand. Muang Boran Journal 21(1–4): 15-44.Google Scholar
  9. Lertcharnrit, Th. & S. Niyomsap. 2008. Public perceptions and opinions about archaeology in Thailand: a case of rural villagers in central Thailand. Muang Boran Journal 34(3): 95-108. (in Thai).Google Scholar
  10. Musigakama, N. 1995.A practical guide to the preservation and restoration of ancient monument. Bangkok: Fine Arts Department. (in Thai).Google Scholar
  11. Pumathon, P. 1994. The treasure hunter at Ban Wang Sai, Lopburi: a problem of archaeological site in Thailand. Matichon Newspaper. September 17, p. 28. (in Thai).Google Scholar
  12. Suksawasdi, S. M.L. 1993. The recent restoration of Phra Chedi Luang: problems and solutions. Muang Boran Journal 19(2): 155-171.Google Scholar
  13. Suwannathat-Pian, K. 1995.T hailand’s durable Premier: Phibun through three decades 1932-1957. Kuala Lumpur: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  14. Symananda, R. 1993. A history of Thailand. 3rd edn. Bangkok: Thai Watana Panish Press.Google Scholar
  15. Vallibhotama, S. 1992. Preservation of ancient monuments and objects: problems and solutions, in P. Nutalai et al. (ed.) 3rd conservation of natural resources and environments of Thailand. Bangkok: Fare. (in Thai).Google Scholar
  16. Vella, W.F. 1978. Chaiyo!: King Vajiravudh and the development of Thai nationalism. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press.Google Scholar

Further Reading

  1. Glover, I. 1993. Other people’s past: western archaeologists and Thai prehistory. Journal of the Siam Society 80(1): 45-53.Google Scholar
  2. Praicharnjit, S. 2003. Community archaeology: past management and community development. Bangkok: Thailand Community Archaeology Project.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ArchaeologySilpakorn UniversityBangkokThailand