Encyclopedia of the History of Psychological Theories

2012 Edition
| Editors: Robert W. Rieber

Franz, Shepherd Ivory

  • David C. Devonis
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0463-8_92

Basic Biographical Information

Born: May 27, 1874; Died: October 14, 1933.

Franz took his Bachelor’s degree (1894) and Ph.D. (1899) at Columbia, studying mainly with Cattell with an interim stay at Leipzig with Wundt in 1896. He then went first to Harvard, where he was assistant in physiology with Henry P. Bowditch and W. T. Porter between 1899 and 1901 and undertook some of the earliest behavioral neuropsychological studies. In these, he experimentally removed trained behavior through brain ablation in cats, then retrained them, demonstrating the ability of undamaged regions to take over the functions of damaged parts (Franz 1902). He then taught physiology at Dartmouth until 1904 when Edward Cowles, founder of the psychological laboratory at the McLean Hospital in Waverly (Belmont), Massachusetts, nominated Franz to a position there in pathological psychology. There he served until 1906, when he moved to Washington D.C. The next year, on the invitation of the psychiatrist William...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Colotla, V. A., & Bach-y-Rita, P. (2002). Shepherd Ivory Franz: His contributions to neuropsychology and rehabilitation. Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Neuroscience, 2(2), 141–148.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Franz, S. I. (1902). On the functions of the cerebrum: I. The frontal lobes in relation to the production and retention of simple sensory-motor habits. American Journal of Physiology, 8, 1–22.Google Scholar
  3. Franz, S. I. (1912). New phrenology. Science, 35, 321–328.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Franz, S. I. (1922). Psychiatry and psychology. Psychological Review, 29, 241–249.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Franz, S. I. (1929). The evolution of an idea: How the brain works. Los Angeles: University of California.Google Scholar
  6. Franz, S. I., & Lashley, K. S. (1917). The retention of habits by the rat after destruction of the frontal portion of the cerebrum. Psychobiology, I, 3–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Lashley, K. S., & Franz, S. I. (1917). The effects of cerebral destruction upon habit formation and retention in the albino rat. Psychobiology, 1, 71–139.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Thomas, R. K. (2000). Shepherd Ivory Franz (1874–1933). In A. E. Kazdin (Ed.), Encyclopedia of psychology (Vol. 4). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyGraceland UniversityLamoniUSA