Tulving, Endel (May 26, 1927–present) is a leading researcher into human memory research, best known for proposing the now-accepted distinction between episodic and semantic memory (Bower 2000). His other contributions include demonstrating the separate roles of the right and left frontal lobes in memory encoding and retrieval.
Endel Tulving was born in Tartu, Estonia, in 1927, the son of a judge in a small town (Tulving et al. 1989). Endel attended a private school, where he was a good student, always first in his class (GCS Research Society 2009). Unfortunately, Endel found his classes uninteresting, having decided that everything interesting in the sciences had already been discovered (GCS Research Society 2009). He took more interest in track and field athletics (APF Gold Medal Award: Endel Tulving 1994). His energy went into beating his personal bests, constantly aiming to improve his performance (GCS Research Society 2009).
Life changed after Estonia was absorbed into the USSR in...
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