Encyclopedia of the History of Psychological Theories

2012 Edition
| Editors: Robert W. Rieber

Flourens, Pierre

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0463-8_294

Basic Biographical Information

Flourens (1794–1867) was born in Maureilhan, France. Somewhat of a prodigy, he earned a medical degree at the age of 19 from the Faculté de Médecine at Montpelier. Subsequently, Flourens became a protégé of Georges Cuvier (1769–1832), the eminent scientific paleontologist and leader of the comparative method in organismal biology. Under Cuvier’s guidance, Flourens began the work for which he is most recognized, comparative experimental brain research. Flourens articles on brain research in 1822 and 1823 were presented to the Académie des Sciences by Cuvier. These were then assembled together with a newly written preface to become Flourens’ first important book, Recherches expérimentales sur les propriétés et les fonctions du système nerveux dans les animaux vertébrés (1824). By 1828, with Cuvier’s sponsorship, Flourens was admitted to the Académie des Sciences, and upon Cuvier’s death in 1833 and by his recommendation, Flourens was appointed secrétaire...

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References

  1. Boring, E. G. (1950). A history of experimental psychology (2nd ed.). New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts.Google Scholar
  2. Kruger, L., & Swanson, L. W. (2007). 1710: The introduction of experimental and nervous system physiology and anatomy by François Pourfour du Petit. In H. Whitaker, C. U. M. Smith, & S. Finger (Eds.), Brain, mind, and medicine: Essays in eighteenth century neuroscience (pp. 99–113). New York: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Neuburger, M. (1981). The historical development of experimental brain and spinal cord physiology before Flourens (E. Clarke, Trans., Ed., Supplemented). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. (Original work published 1897).Google Scholar
  4. Pearce, J. M. S. (2008). Marie-Jean Pierre Flourens (1794–1867) and cortical localization. European Neurology, 6, 311–314.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of GeorgiaAthensUSA