Encyclopedia of the History of Psychological Theories

2012 Edition
| Editors: Robert W. Rieber

Titchener, Edward Bradford

  • Rand B. Evans
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0463-8_271

Edward Bradford Titchener was an Anglo-American psychologist and founder of the American school of psychology called structuralism.

Titchener was born in Chichester, Sussex England on January 11, 1867 and died on August 3, 1927 in Ithaca, New York (Boring 1927). He excelled in his public school education and attended Brasenose College, Oxford for his undergraduate education. He was attracted there to the ideas of George Berkeley, Herbert Spencer, and James Mill, among others. It was from one of Mill’s books that he realized that it was possible to analyze the mind into simpler parts (Titchener 1909). It was also at Oxford that Titchener discovered the ideas of Wilhelm Wundt. He was accepted to Wundt’s laboratory in Leipzig, Germany but, to get laboratory experience, Titchener spent a year in the physiology laboratory of John Burdon Sanderson. Burdon Sanderson imbued in Titchener the importance of explanation of mental events in terms of physiology. What Titchener came away from Oxford...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Boring, E. G. (1927). Edward Bradford Titchener: 1867–1927. The American Journal of Psychology, 38, 489–506.Google Scholar
  2. Boring, E. G. (1938). Titchener and the existential. The American Journal of Psychology, 50, 470–483.Google Scholar
  3. Bradley, J. (1971). Mach’s philosophy of science. London: Anthlone.Google Scholar
  4. Danziger, K. (1979). The positivistic repudiation of Wundt. Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences, 15, 205–230.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Ernst, M. (1887/1914). The analysis of sensations and the relation of the physical to the psychical (C. M. Williams & S. Waterlow, trans.). Chicago: Open Court.Google Scholar
  6. Evans, R. B. (1975). The origins of Titchener’s doctrine of meaning. Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences, 11, 334–341.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Evans, R. B. (1990). The scientific and psychological positions of E. B. Titchener. In Ruth Leys & R. B. Evans (Eds.), Defining American psychology: The correspondence between Adolf Meyer and Edward Bradford Titchener. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Külpe, O. (1893). Grundriss der psychologie. Leipzig: Wilhelm Engelmann.Google Scholar
  9. Titchener, E. B. (1896, 1897, 1899). An outline of psychology. New York: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  10. Titchener, E. B. (1901, 1902, 1905). Experimental psychology. New York: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  11. Titchener, E. B. (1909). The experimental psychology of the thought processes. New York: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  12. Titchener, E. B. (1910). A textbook of psychology. New York: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  13. Watson, R. I., & Evans, R. B. (1991). The great psychologists: A history of psychological thought (5th ed.). New York: Harper Collins.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.East Carolina UniversityGreenvilleUSA