Encyclopedia of the History of Psychological Theories

2012 Edition
| Editors: Robert W. Rieber

Troland, Leonard T.

  • David C. Devonis
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-0463-8_123

Basic Biographical Information

Born: April 26, 1889, Died: May 27, 1932

Troland could justly claim – although he never asserted it – to have the greatest command of scientific knowledge of all of the psychologists of his generation. A graduate of MIT in 1912, he pursued the Ph.D. at Harvard under Münsterberg, where like his contemporary Tolman, he was drawn to the philosophers and to  Holt, E. B. But Troland really blazed his own trail. After his doctorate, he spent his Sheldon traveling year at the General Electric’s laboratories in Nela Park in East Cleveland, Ohio. He returned to Harvard in 1916 as an instructor and was promoted to Assistant Professor in 1922, the highest academic rank he held. While working on the doctorate he completed, with Daniel Comstock of MIT, a précis of physical theory for scientists in other fields (Comstock and Troland 1917). He had amassed enough skill in color theory and vision science to be the 31st member of the American Optical Society (after the...

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  1. Allport, G. (1929). Review of fundamentals of human motivation. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 23(4), 510–513.Google Scholar
  2. Comstock, D. F., & Troland, L. T. (1917). The nature of matter and electricity: An outline of modern views. New York: D. Van Nostrand.Google Scholar
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  4. Troland, L. T. (1914). The Freudian psychology and psychical research. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 8(6), 405–428.Google Scholar
  5. Troland, L. T. (1922a). The present status of visual science. Bulletin of the National Research Council, 27, 1–120.Google Scholar
  6. Troland, L. T. (1922b). Psychophysics, the key to physics and metaphysics. Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences, 12, 141–162.Google Scholar
  7. Troland, L. T. (1922c). The significance of psychical monism for psychological theory. Psychological Review, 29(3), 201–211.Google Scholar
  8. Troland, L. T. (1976). A technique for the experimental study of telepathy and other clairvoyant processes. The Journal of Parapsychology, 40(3), 194–216. Originally privately published, 1917.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyGraceland UniversityLamoniUSA