Tolman, E. C.
Basic Biographical Information
Born: April 14, 1886; Died: November 19, 1959.
Edward Chace Tolman was born in Newton, Massachusetts, and followed his brother Richard, who became an eminent chemist, to MIT, graduating in 1911. He then entered Harvard for graduate work in psychology, obtaining the PhD in 1915 under Hugo Münsterberg, but influenced mainly by R. B. Perry, E. B. Holt, and R. M. Yerkes. His first academic post was at Northwestern University, but due to his pacifist views this became untenable. Through the influence of Herbert Langfeld, he was able to move to the University of California at Berkeley, where he remained for the rest of his career.
His early work involved imagery and memory, but after he arrived at California he threw himself headlong into the comparative psychology of learning with the aim of constructing a comprehensive objective account of all psychological phenomena based on behavioristic criteria. Early in this process he...
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- Tolman, E. C. (1923). A behavioristic account of the emotions. Psychological Review, 30(3), 217–227.Google Scholar
- Tolman, E. C. (1932). Purposive behavior in animals and men. New York: The Century Co.Google Scholar
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- Tolman, E. C. (1950). Letter to UC President Robert G. Sproul. In To bring you the facts (pamphlet privately printed and distributed by eighteen alumni of the Berkeley campus, August 17, 1950). From University of California website The University of California loyalty oath: A 50th anniversary retrospective. http://sunsite.berkeley.edu/uchistory/archives_exhibits/loyaltyoath/symposium/tolman.html. Accessed 27 Oct 2009.
- Tolman, E. C. (1959). Principles of purposive behavior. In S. Koch (Ed.), Psychology: A study of a science (Vol. 2). New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar