Encyclopedia of Medieval Philosophy

2011 Edition
| Editors: Henrik Lagerlund

Boethius

  • Andrew W. Arlig
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-9729-4_88

Abstract

Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius, a late ancient Roman thinker, profoundly influenced western medieval philosophy, literature, and the liberal arts. Boethius translated and commented on a number of important Aristotelian logical works. These translations and commentaries provided the foundations for early medieval logic, philosophy of language, and metaphysics. Boethius’ short theological treatises are remarkable for the way in which they apply Greek philosophical concepts to Christian doctrine. His Consolation of Philosophy is a vivid synthesis of Stoic, Aristotelian, and especially Neoplatonic ethics and philosophical theology. It is a masterpiece, whose literary qualities as well as its philosophical material has influenced generations of humanists.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Bibliography

Primary Sources (editions and select translations)

  1. Boethius (1833) In Topica Ciceronis Commentaria, ed. Orelli JC. Cicero Opera Omnia, V 1. Orelli, Fuesslini & Co., TurinGoogle Scholar
  2. Boethius (1867) De institutione musica libri quinque, ed. Friedlein G. Teubner, LeipzigGoogle Scholar
  3. Boethius (1880) Commentarii in librum Aristotelis Peri Hermenias, ed. Meiser C. Teubner, LeipzigGoogle Scholar
  4. Boethius (1891) Opera, ed. Migne JP et al. Patrologiae cursus completas, series latina, 64. Migne, ParisGoogle Scholar
  5. Boethius (1906) In Isagogen Porphyrii Commentorum, ed. Brandt S. Corpus Scriptorum Ecclesiasticorum Latinorum, 48. F. Tempsky, ViennaGoogle Scholar
  6. Boethius (1990) De topicis differentiis. In: Nikitas DZ (ed) De topicis differentiis und die byzantinische Rezeption dieses Werkes: Anhang, Eine Pachymeres-Weiterbearbeitung der Holobolos-Übersetzung, Corpus Philosophorum Medii Aevi Philosophi Byzantini 5, The Academy of Athens/Librairie J. Vrin, Athens/ParisGoogle Scholar
  7. Boethius (1995) De institutione arithmetica, ed. and trans. Guillaumin JY. Belles Lettres, ParisGoogle Scholar
  8. Boethius (1998) De Divisione liber: critical edition, translation, prolegomena, and commentary, ed. and trans. Magee J. Brill, LeidenGoogle Scholar
  9. Boethius (2000) De Consolatione Philosophiae/Opscula Theologica, ed. Moreschini C. Saur, Munich/LeipzigGoogle Scholar
  10. Boethius (2008a) De syllogismo categorico: Critical edition with introduction, translation, notes, and indexes, ed. Thörnqvist CT. Studia Graeca et Latina Gothoburgensia 68. Acta Universitatis Gothoburgensis, GothenborgGoogle Scholar
  11. Boethius (2008b) Introductio ad syllogismos categoricos: Critical edition with introduction, commentary, and indexes, ed. Thörnqvist CT. Studia Graeca et Latina Gothoburgensia 69. Acta Universitatis Gothoburgensis, GothenborgGoogle Scholar
  12. Folkerts M (ed) (1970) “Boethius” Geometrie II: Ein mathematisches Lehrbuch des Mittelalters, Boethius: Texte und Abhandlungen zur Geschichte der exakten Wissenschaften 9. F. Steiner, WiesbadenGoogle Scholar
  13. Kretzmann Norman (trans) (1998) Boethius on Aristotle’s ‘On Interpretation’ 9. In: Blank D, Kretzmann N (eds and trans) Ammonius on Aristotle’s ‘On Interpretation’ 9 with Boethius on Aristotle’s ‘On Interpretation’ 9. Cornell University Press, IthacaGoogle Scholar
  14. MacDonald Scott (trans) (1991) Boethius’s De hebdomadibus (How can substances be good in virtue of the fact that they have being when they are not substantial goods?). In: MacDonald S (ed) Being and goodness: the concept of the good in metaphysics and philosophical theology. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, pp 299–304Google Scholar
  15. Minio-Paluello L et al (eds) (1961–1975) Aristoteles Latinus. vols 1, 2, 3, 5, 6. Desclée De Brouwer, Bruges – Paris (and later Brill, Leiden)Google Scholar
  16. Relihan Joel C (trans) (2001) Boethius, ‘Consolation of Philosophy.’ Hackett, IndianapolisGoogle Scholar
  17. Spade Paul V (trans) (1994) Five texts on the mediaeval problem of universals. Hackett, IndianapolisGoogle Scholar
  18. Stewart HF, Rand EK, Tester SJ (eds and trans) (1973) Boethius: Tractates; The Consolation of Philosophy, Loeb Classical Library 74. Harvard University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  19. Stump Eleonore (trans) (1978) Boethius’s ‘De topicis differentiis’. Cornell University Press, IthacaGoogle Scholar
  20. Stump Eleonore (trans) (1988) Boethius’s ‘In Ciceronis Topica’. Cornell University Press, IthacaGoogle Scholar

Secondary Sources

  1. Chadwick H (1981) Boethius: the consolations of music, logic, theology, and philosophy. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  2. Courcelle P (1948) Les Lettres Grecques en Occident de Macrobe à Cassiodore. E. de Boccard, Paris (English trans. Courcelle P (1969) Late Latin writers and their greek sources. (trans: Wedeck HE), Harvard University Press, Cambridge)Google Scholar
  3. De Rijk LM (1988) On Boethius’s notion of being. In: Kretzmann N (ed) Meaning and inference in medieval philosophy: studies in memory of Jan Pinborg. Kluwer, Dordrecht, pp 1–29Google Scholar
  4. Ebbesen S (1990) Boethius as an Aristotelian Commentator. In: Sorabji R (ed) Aristotle transformed: the ancient commentators and their influence. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, pp 373–391Google Scholar
  5. Gersh S (1986) Middle Platonism and Neoplatonism, the Latin tradition, 2 vols. The University of Notre Dame Press, Notre DameGoogle Scholar
  6. Gibson M (ed) (1981) Boethius: his life, thought and influence. Basil Blackwell, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  7. Gracia JJE (1984) Introduction to the problem of individuation in the early middle ages. Philosophia/The Catholic University Press of America, Munich/Vienna/Washington DCGoogle Scholar
  8. Gruber J (1978) Kommentar zu Boethius De Consolatione Philosophiae, Texte und Kommentare – eine altertumswissenschaftliche Reihe 9. Gruyter, Berlin/New YorkGoogle Scholar
  9. Hadot P (1959) Un fragment du commentaire perdu de Boèce sur les Catégories d’Aristote dans le Codex Bernensis 363. Archives d’histoire doctrinale et littéraire du Moyen Age 26:11–27Google Scholar
  10. Hadot P (1963) La Distinction de l’Être et de l’Étant dans le “De Hebdomadibus” de Boèce. In: Wilpert P (ed) Die Metaphysik im Mittelalter: Ihr Ursprung und Ihre Bedeutung (Miscellanea Mediaevalia 2). Gruyter, Berlin, pp 147–153Google Scholar
  11. King P (2000) The problem of individuation in the Middle Ages. Theoria 66:159–184Google Scholar
  12. MacDonald S (1988) Boethius’s claim that all substances are good. Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 70:245–279Google Scholar
  13. Magee J (1989) Boethius on signification and mind, Philosophia Antiqua 52. Brill, LeidenGoogle Scholar
  14. Marenbon J (2003) Boethius, great medieval thinkers series. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  15. Martin CJ (1991) The logic of negation in Boethius. Phronesis 36:277–304Google Scholar
  16. Nash-Marshall S (2000) Participation and the good: a study in Boethian metaphysics. Crossroads, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  17. Obertello L (1974) Severino Boezio. Academia Ligure di Scienze e Lettere, GenoaGoogle Scholar
  18. Relihan J (2007) The prisoner’s philosophy: life and death in Boethius’s ‘Consolation.’ University of Notre Dame Press, Notre DameGoogle Scholar
  19. Schrimpf G (1966) Die Axiomenschrift des Boethius (De hebdomadibus) als philosophisches Lehrbuch des Mittelalters. Brill, LeidenGoogle Scholar
  20. Shiel J (1958) Boethius’ commentaries on Aristotle. Mediev Renaiss Stud 4:217–244 (Revised and reprinted in Sorabji R (ed) (1990) Aristotle transformed: the ancient commentators and their influence. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, pp 349–372)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrew W. Arlig
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyBrooklyn College of The City University of New YorkBrooklynUSA