Encyclopedia of Medieval Philosophy

2011 Edition
| Editors: Henrik Lagerlund

Philosophy, Arabic

  • Rafael Ramón Guerrero
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-9729-4_398

Abstract

In Islam, the revealed text reminds human beings of their need to know (Qurʾān, XVI, 78). Muslims embarked on an intellectual task, which was expressed in different discourses: theology, jurisprudence, mysticism, linguistics, history, and philosophy. The latter took shape when Islamic thought came into contact with Greek philosophy, giving rise to a movement called falsafa: philosophy. This movement continued and recreated Greek philosophical thought in the Islamic world. The great issues that interested philosophers were the relationship between philosophy and religion, the explanation for and conception of the universe and its origin, and human beings and their social and political conduct. Falsafa enjoyed productive expansion and diffusion throughout the Islamic world, first in the East and later in the West, where it exerted a powerful influence on the thought of Latinized areas: it contributed to the transmission of Greek philosophy to Europe and to new developments in the medieval philosophy of the Latin world.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Bibliography

Primary Sources

  1. Avempace (1997) El régimen del solitario trans: Lomba Fuentes J. Editorial Trotta, MadridGoogle Scholar
  2. Avempace (2006) Carta del Adiós (Risālat al-wadā’) y otros tratados filosóficos trans and notes: Lomba J. Editorial Trotta, MadridGoogle Scholar
  3. Averroes (2001a) The book of the decisive treatise determining the connection between the law and wisdom & epistle dedicatory. Trans with intro and notes: Butterworth CE. Islamic translation series. Brigham Young University Press, Provo (with Arabic facing)Google Scholar
  4. Averroes (2001b) La Béatitude de l’âme. Latin edn, annot, trans: Geoffroy M, Steel C (Sic et Non). Vrin, ParisGoogle Scholar
  5. Averroes (2005) Averroes On Plato’s Republic. Trans: Lerner R. Cornell University Press, IthacaGoogle Scholar
  6. Avicenna (1978–1985) La Métaphysique du Shifā’, 2 vols. Trans, intro, and notes: Anawati GC. Vrin, ParisGoogle Scholar
  7. Avicenna (1999) Le Livre des directives et remarques (Kitāb al-ishārāt wa-l-tanbīhāt) trans: Goichon A-M. Vrin, Paris (reprint of 1951 edn)Google Scholar
  8. Avicenna (2002) Metafisica. La Scienza delle cose divine (al-Ilahiyyat) dal Libro Della guarigione (Kitāb al-Shifā’), a cura di Lizzini O, Porro P. Bompiani, MilanGoogle Scholar
  9. Avicenna (2008) Libro della guarigione. Le cose divine, a curadi Bertolacci A. UTET, TorinoGoogle Scholar
  10. al-Fārābī (1999) L’Harmonie entre les opinions de Platon et d’Aristote Arabic ed. Najjar F, trans and notes: Mallet D. Institut Français de Damas, DamascusGoogle Scholar
  11. al-Fārābī (2001) The political writings: Selected Aphorisms and other texts trans and annot: Butterworth CE. Cornell University Press, Ithaca/LondonGoogle Scholar
  12. al-Fārābī (2001a) L’Épitre sur l’intellect (al-Risāla fīl-ʿaql) trans: Hamzah D, foreword: Jolivet J, postword: Brague R. L’Harmattan, Paris; Ramón Guerrero R (2002) Al-Farabi: Epístola sobre los sentidos del término intelecto. Traducción. Revista Española de Filosofía Medieval 9:215–223Google Scholar
  13. al-Fārābī (2001b) Philosophy of Plato and Aristotle, rev edn (trans with an intro: Mahdi M, foreword: Butterworth CE, Pangle TL). Cornell University Press, IthacaGoogle Scholar
  14. al-Fārābī (2002) El camino de la felicidad (Kitāb al-tanbīh ‘alà sabīl al-sa‘āda) traducción, introducción y notas Ramón Guerrero R. Editorial Trotta, MadridGoogle Scholar
  15. al-Fārābī (2008) Al-Farabi: Obras filosóficas y políticas. Traducción, introducción y notas por Ramón Guerrero R. Editorial Trotta/Liberty Fund, MadridGoogle Scholar
  16. al-Kindī (1974) Al-Kindī’s Metaphysics. A translation of Ya‘qūb ibn Isḥāq al-Kindī’s treatise “On First Philosophy” (Fī l-Falsafah al-Ūlā) intro and comment: Ivry AL. State University of New York Press, AlbanyGoogle Scholar

Secondary Sources

  1. Adamson P (ed) (2007) Classical Arabic philosophy: sources and reception. The Warburg Institute/Nino Aragno Editore, London/TurinGoogle Scholar
  2. Adamson P, Taylor RC (eds) (2004) The Cambridge companion to Arabic philosophy. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  3. Anawati G (1974) Études de philosophie musulmane. Vrin, ParisGoogle Scholar
  4. Cruz Hernandez M (1996) Historia del pensamiento en el mundo Islámico, 3 vols. Alianza Universidad, MadridGoogle Scholar
  5. Daiber H (1999–2007) Bibliography of Islamic philosophy, vol I: Alphabetical list of publications; vol II: index of names, terms & topics. Brill, Leiden; Bibliography of Islamic philosophy. Supplement. Brill, Leiden/BostonGoogle Scholar
  6. D’Ancona C (ed) (2005) Storia della filosofia nell’Islam medievale, 2 vols. Giulio Einaudi, TurinGoogle Scholar
  7. Fakhry M (1983) A history of Islamic philosophy, 2nd edn. Columbia University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  8. McGinnis J, Reisman DC (2007) Classical Arabic philosophy: an anthology of sources. Hackett, Indianapolis/CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  9. Ramón Guerrero R (2001) Filosofías árabe y judía. Síntesis, MadridGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rafael Ramón Guerrero
    • 1
  1. 1.Facultad de FilosofiaUniversidad Complutense de MadridMadridSpain