Philip the Chancellor
Philip the Chancellor’s Summa de bono (1225–1228) was developed around a central controlling analogy. Just as creatures are good in three ways (transcendentally, in their natural species or kinds, and in their perfective acts), so also are human acts morally good in three ways (through “generic goodness,” the goodness of moral species, and meritorious goodness). Philip focused his account of goodness in creatures on the transcendentals and his account of moral goodness on the theological and cardinal virtues.
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