Encyclopedia of Medieval Philosophy

2011 Edition
| Editors: Henrik Lagerlund

Peter John Olivi

  • Mikko Yrjönsuuri
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-9729-4_381

Abstract

Peter John Olivi (1248–1298) was in his time well known as social reformist, but in histories of philosophy, he has often been ignored. He was, however, a very original thinker who had a major influence on well-known Franciscan thinkers of the time. In social philosophy, he was an active participant in the influential debates concerning the Franciscan ideal of absolute poverty. From more theoretical perspectives, freedom of the will and the activity of the soul in respect to the corporeal world are the most important tenets of Olivi’s thought, and it was in this area that he had the most lasting influence on the western intellectual heritage. Olivi laid the ground for distinctively modern habits of thought. His thought centered around self-reflexive and free human subjectivity, and its place in the corporeal, mechanical world on the one hand, and in the social–political order on the other.

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Bibliography

Primary Sources

  1. Olivi Peter John (1922–1926) Quaestiones in secundum librum Sententiarum. Bibliotheca Franciscana Scholastica 4–6, ed. Jansen B. Collegium S. Bonaventurae, QuaracchiGoogle Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mikko Yrjönsuuri
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Social Sciences and PhilosophyUniversity of JyväskyläJyväskyläFinland