Encyclopedia of Medieval Philosophy

2011 Edition
| Editors: Henrik Lagerlund

Peter John Olivi

  • Mikko Yrjönsuuri
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-9729-4_381


Peter John Olivi (1248–1298) was in his time well known as social reformist, but in histories of philosophy, he has often been ignored. He was, however, a very original thinker who had a major influence on well-known Franciscan thinkers of the time. In social philosophy, he was an active participant in the influential debates concerning the Franciscan ideal of absolute poverty. From more theoretical perspectives, freedom of the will and the activity of the soul in respect to the corporeal world are the most important tenets of Olivi’s thought, and it was in this area that he had the most lasting influence on the western intellectual heritage. Olivi laid the ground for distinctively modern habits of thought. His thought centered around self-reflexive and free human subjectivity, and its place in the corporeal, mechanical world on the one hand, and in the social–political order on the other.

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Primary Sources

  1. Olivi Peter John (1922–1926) Quaestiones in secundum librum Sententiarum. Bibliotheca Franciscana Scholastica 4–6, ed. Jansen B. Collegium S. Bonaventurae, QuaracchiGoogle Scholar
  2. Olivi Peter John (1986) Quaestiones logicales, ed. Brown S. Traditio 42:335–388Google Scholar
  3. Olivi Peter John (1992) Quaestio de usu paupere and Tractatus de usu paupere, ed. Burr D. Olschki, FlorenceGoogle Scholar
  4. Olivi Peter John (2001) Peter of John Olivi on the Acts of the Apostles, ed. Flood D. Franciscan Institute, St. BonaventureGoogle Scholar
  5. Olivi Peter John (2002) Quodlibeta quinque, ed. Defraia S. Editiones Collegii S. Bonaventurae ad Claras Aquas, GrottaferrataGoogle Scholar
  6. Olivi Peter John (2003) Lectura super Proverbia et Lectura super Ecclesiasten, ed. Schlageter J. Editiones Colegii S. Bonaventurae, GrottaferrataGoogle Scholar
  7. Olivi Peter John (2007) Peter of John Olivi on Genesis, ed. Flood D. Franciscan Institute, St. BonaventureGoogle Scholar

Secondary Sources

  1. Boureau A, Piron S (eds) (1999) Pierre de Jean Olivi (1248–1298). Vrin, ParisGoogle Scholar
  2. Burr D (1989) Olivi and Franciscan poverty: the origins of the Usus Pauper controversy. University of Pennsylvania Press, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
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  4. Lagerlund H, Yrjönsuuri M (eds) (2002) Emotions and choice from Boethius to Descartes. Studies in the history of philosophy of mind. Kluwer, DordrechtGoogle Scholar
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  6. Piron S (1998) Les oeuvres perdues d’Olivi: essai de reconstruction. Archivum Franciscanum Historicum 91:357–394Google Scholar
  7. Putallaz F-X (1995) Insolente liberté. Controverses et condamnations au XIIIe siècle. Cerf, ParisGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mikko Yrjönsuuri
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Social Sciences and PhilosophyUniversity of JyväskyläJyväskyläFinland