Encyclopedia of Geobiology

2011 Edition
| Editors: Joachim Reitner, Volker Thiel

Silicoflagellates

  • Joachim Reitner
  • Volker Thiel
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-9212-1_236

Silicoflagellates are planktonic, microscopic algae with siliceous skeletons, characterized by their simple geometries and remarkable variability. Taxonomically, they belong to different classes of the Stramenopiles and possess complex plastids derived from secondary endosymbiosis (see entry  Symbiosis). Silicoflagellate skeletons may have considerable potential as environmental indicators and are common in fossil deposits, dating back to the middle Cretaceous (ca. 120 Ma), with species diversity reaching a peak in the Miocene (ca. 23–25 Ma). Today, only a single genus Dictyocha with approximately five recognized species exists. For more details, please refer to entry “Algae (Eukaryotic)).”

Keywords

Species Diversity Single Genus Considerable Potential Simple Geometry Environmental Indicator 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joachim Reitner
    • 1
  • Volker Thiel
    • 1
  1. 1.University of GöttingenGöttingenGermany