Encyclopedia of Geobiology

2011 Edition
| Editors: Joachim Reitner, Volker Thiel

Soda Lakes

  • Stephan Kempe
  • Jozef Kazmierczak
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-9212-1_191


The term “soda lake” designates a class of lakes with waters showing an excess of the total alkalinity (TA ≅ [HCO 3 ] + 2[CO 3 2−], i.e., the sum of the charges of the bicarbonate ion plus carbonate ion) over the charges of the alkaline earth ions magnesium and calcium:
$$[{{\rm HCO}_3} ^ {-} ] + 2[{\rm CO}_3 ^{2 -} ] > 2[{\rm Mg}^{2 +} ] + 2[{\rm Ca}^{2 +} ].$$


Saturation Index Crater Lake Soda Lake East African Rift Lake Surface Area 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stephan Kempe
    • 1
  • Jozef Kazmierczak
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Physical Geology and Global Cycles Institute for Applied GeosciencesUniversity of TechnologyDarmstadtGermany