Encyclopedia of Geobiology

2011 Edition
| Editors: Joachim Reitner, Volker Thiel

Shewanella

  • Nadia-Valérie Quéric
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-9212-1_183

Classification

Bacteria – Proteobacteria – Gammaproteobacteria – Alteromonadales – Shewanellaceae (Ivanova et al., 2004), fam. nov. – Shewanella (MacDonell and Colwell, 1985), gen. nov.

Definition

Assumed as one of the first metabolic processes of ancient microbial life (prior to oxygen, nitrate, and sulfate respiration), microbial iron reduction is still of particular interest in recent geobiological systems. The efficiency of iron reducing microorganisms in utilizing structural or crystalline solid-phase Fe3+ oxide minerals as electron acceptors with respect to nutrient availability and pH is still matter of discussion; this type of metabolism, however, is an ubiquitous phenomenon, applied by a wide range of species throughout the Archaea and Bacteria (Weber et al., 2006 and references therein). Members of the family Geobacteraceae and the genus Shewanellaare among the most significant and common studied organisms with regard to dissimilatory iron reduction and oxidation of organic...

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Bibliography

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nadia-Valérie Quéric
    • 1
  1. 1.Geobiology Group Geoscience CenterUniversity of GöttingenGöttingenGermany