Encyclopedia of Geobiology

2011 Edition
| Editors: Joachim Reitner, Volker Thiel

Saline Lakes

  • Carol D. Litchfield
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-9212-1_178


Salt Lakes


Salt: chloride, sulfate, phosphate, carbonate, bicarbonate salts of primarily sodium, magnesium, calcium, and potassium.

Lake: an enclosed body with or without water entering it from a stream, rain, or snow melt.

Ephemeral lake : a lake formed only following rain or snow melt, which dries up during the rest of the year.

Thalassohaline : salts in a lake derived from the evaporation of seawater with the dominant ions of sodium and chloride as found in the ocean.

Athalassolhaline : salts in a lake derived from rocks and geological weathering and dominated by magnesium, calcium, and sulfate.

Alkaliphilic lake: also called soda lake . A lake in which the dominant ions are sodium and bicarbonate and carbonate. This causes the lake to have an alkaline pH.

General description of saline lakes

Saline lakes are a natural worldwide phenomenon. They can be found on all continents and in most countries, and they are frequently recognizable by their name – for...


Brine Shrimp Saline Lake Soda Lake Antarctic Lake Terminal Lake 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carol D. Litchfield
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Environmental Science & PolicyGeorge Mason UniversityManassasUSA