Global Justice, Subjects of
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights and other international documents acknowledge the respect for human rights as one of the highest international moral values. Though humans are among basic subjects of global justice in the present international system, international actors are, most of the time, not individual but various group agents. Among these, states are the basic units of recognition in international relations. Other collectives that operate internationally are ethnic and national groups, NGOs, corporations, religious groups, militant organizations, and so on. Hence, the principles of global justice ought to define which groups qualify as legitimate international agents and what moral entitlements they have, in relation to individual members and nonmembers as well as in relation to other group agents. In particular, if the pursuit of a state interest interferes with human rights of its members, what are the guidelines for adjudication between individual and state claims,...
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